Since the beginning the Palestinians were harassing Jewish settlers. During Franco Syrian war they sided with Syrians while Jews stayed neutral, and would barge in to Jewish settlements and strip them and abuse them claiming they're looking for french. This resulted in violence over in Tel Chai, and from then on the violence begins. If you read the history you noticed that the majority of incidents are arabs attacking Jews, and Jews acting in retaliation.
Another big this is the Hebrew Labor program. This is where Jews were encourages to hire only jews for physical labor. Jewish leaders claimed it was to promote strength and unity among Jews (in line with the idea of creating a stronger newer better Jewish Man), and they also say it was because they didn't want to exploit cheap unorganized indigenous labor like typical colonizers.
Palestinians viewed this as a way to muscle them out and felt increasingly threatened. A big issue for them was their lack of representation. In the League of Nations the jews had a Jewish Agency, but Palestinians had to rely on the british to speak for them.
Why was this? The idea of a Palestinian national identity was only recently beginning to form, whereas the jewish identity had been around for thousands of years. When al-Huesseini's promotion of the pan arab state utterly failed, he came back to Palestine, and decided to ignite a sense of nationalism in them instead. In fact he is the cause of many initial acts of violence against Jews.
ANYWAY, idk if anybody will read this, but these are I suppose the "seeds" of why Palestinians and Israelis were not willing to live under one state. >>11048204
A lot of Israelis worry what would happen if they became a minority in their own country. The idea behind Zionism was not to "reclaim and unite the holy land", as some here said, but rather for the creation of a jewish state, where jews could find safe haven, free from prosecution.