What do you think women in the countryside did? Sit their asses all day waiting for the men to come home? Its not like they had to take care of the children, because the children themselves also went to work at an early age.
All women worked, be it the city or the countryside, except for the rich ones and later the middle class when it formed. Though in the city most women worked managing the shops of their husbands, some very very few had their own. And obviously there were many women vendors in the markets and selling fish and such. The only jobs that were barred for women were obviosly the intellectual ones, like lawyer and doctor, and those that required strenght like butcher or blacksmith or construction worker (though many still took jobs that required endurance, pic related) . The transition to an urban service-based economy with the increase in these jobs made women want to enter them.
Pic related: "Carquejeiras" in Portugal, women who carried up to 60 kilos of wood in the xixth, early xxth century every day for many miles. It was basically a women's job.